Narcos è la serie tv Netflix in cui l’attore brasiliano Wagner Moura interpreta, magistralmente, il signore della droga colombiano Pablo Escobar. Poco più di una settimana fa il sito di streaming ha pubblicato la seconda stagione dello show, che si è attirato recensioni entusiaste e un seguito globale molto appassionato: nelle dieci puntate si assiste alla progressiva fine del dominio di Escobar sul mercato della cocaina e, soprattutto, sulla sua Medellin e sulla Colombia. A dirla tutta, Narcos ha avuto un tale successo che Netflix ha appena annunciato che ci sarà una terza e una quarta stagione.
Di recente, tuttavia, Sebastian Marroquin, il figlio di Pablo Escobar (che dopo l’uccisione del padre, nel 1993, si è trasferito con la madre e la sorella prima in Mozambico e poi in Argentina, dove vive ancora oggi) ha scritto su Facebook uno status in cui definisce il prodotto Netflix «irrispettoso» ed elenca 28 imprecisioni contenute nella trasposizione della storia della sua famiglia. Marroquin ha un rapporto controverso con la figura del padre: dopo la sua uccisione promise che l’avrebbe vendicato, ma in seguito se ne è dissociato, assumendo il nome attuale. Ha parlato di Pablo Escobar in un film del 2009, Sins of My Father, e in un saggio di due anni fa, Pablo Escobar: My Father.
Gli errori della sceneggiatura di Narcos elencati da Marroquin passano dalla fede calcistica di Escobar («mio padre non tifava Atlético Nacional, ma l’Independiente Medellín») all’ingiusta rappresentazione dello zio dell’uomo, oggi quasi quarantenne, il fratello della madre Carlos Henao, come narcotrafficante («era un grande uomo […], un architetto»). E poi, sostiene Marroquin, la fuga da La Catedral, la sfarzosa prigione costruita da Escobar per se stesso nel 1991, dopo un accordo col governo colombiano, fu molto meno cruenta e sanguinosa di come è stata messa in scena, e «senza aiuto da parte delle autorità». Inoltre, il capo carismatico del cartello di Medellin non ha mai ucciso il colonnello “Carrillo”, come viene chiamato nella serie: in realtà il capo delle forze speciali che davano la caccia a Escobar era Hugo Martinez, che oggi è in pensione.
A onor del vero, ogni puntata dello show di Netflix si apre con un disclaimer che spiega che le vicende rappresentate potrebbero discostarsi dalla realtà storica degli eventi. Ma ecco la lista completa delle 28 imprecisioni spiegate dal figlio di Pablo Escobar, come tradotta dall’Independent:
1. Carlos Henao R.I.P. was my maternal uncle and it was not a drug dealer he’s cracked up to be in the series. In fact he was a great man, a hard worker, honest, noble and good father of the family. A good friend of my mother. Henao was an architect who helped build some houses, roads and bridges of the hacienda Naples to my father, but never got involved in illegal activities. Was never convicted in Colombia or any country for any offence. He was a Bible salesman. He was always talking about making peace, not war. Always talked about escape, not attacking anyone. He was not drug dealer and for the Netflix show to malign him. Carlos Henao was never a drug dealer nor lived in Miami. He was kidnapped and tortured with Francisco Toro, another innocent man. How sad that Netflix has shown so many corpses with the posters of people hung up, and they forgot to publish the images of my uncle Carlos tortured, in that respect they were identical and also public. But they’re not happy with that, placed him at another time and place in the history of my father, and made it seem that his death was the product of a legitimate confrontation between police and narcos, when in reality it was an injustice, his death, while this violates the right to a good name, to the honor and the honor of a man who was very dear and respected in Medellín. A man blameless from beginning to end.
2. My Father was not a supporter of Atlético Nacional, but of the Independiente Medellín. If the writers don’t even know the favorite team of Pablo, how dare they tell you the rest of a story like that and sell it as true?
3. La Quica was arrested in New York on 24 September 1991 at the time of my father’s escape from the Cathedral (July 1992). He had been arrested in the US for a long time for falsehood of documents. He was subsequently and unjustly accused and condemned for the bombing the plane from Avianca that killed more than 100 passengers and crew and on which it was believed the successor of Luis Carlos Galan, Cesar Gaviria, would be flying. Even the prosecutor De Greiff sent letters to the US in favour of La Quica’s acquittal since the man – also according to my father – didn’t play any part. The bombing was done by Carlos Castaño under orders from my Dad.
4. On the escape from the Cathedral: the confrontation was not that big, only a keeper of the prison died. There was no clash. My Father had no contacts, no help from the law to escape. The escape was planned from when the jail was constructed: my father ordered them to leave a few bricks loose. Dad ran away when the government informed him the agreement to not transfer him was no longer applicable.
5. Limon was a worker of Roberto ‘Osito’, elder brother of my father. He worked for him as a driver for 20 years. He did not appear nor was recruited later by the family, but many years ago. On the show, when it came to the ‘worker’ Roberto ‘Osito’ collaborating with the DEA, they showed how they were able to extract information. Limon met him being the driver of the truck that was coming up to the cathedral. At the end of the day, Osito assisted the DEA after growing disloyal to our family .
6. It is not true that the posters of medellín and Cali will stay with Miami and New York as places of drug trafficking, respectively. The truth is that even today before the exponential growth of the market of prohibited drugs there is still one so big, that there will always be a deficit of Drug Dealers and customers for all those who arrive. Consumers are millions and pay whatever it takes to be pleased.
7. The CIA wasn’t who invited him to the brothers brown create los pepes. Was Fidel Castaño who decided with the complicity of the Cali cartel and the local authorities and foreign turned a blind eye to thousands of crimes and missing.
8. My mother never bought or used a weapon. Everything about it is a lie. Never even shot.
9. My Father did not kill any personally to Colonel “Carrillo” as they call it in the series to the chief of the block of search. Many attacks made him to the police of Colombia and they died more than 500 in a month in the city of medellin at the end of the 80’s. I’m not proud at all of the violence of my father, and I must admit, I did a lot of damage to the police as well as also gave him a lot of money.
10. Those who are knowledgeable in the background of the story, you know that my father was wrong seriously ordering the death of those who were their partners and lenders, moncada and galeano. These last few were kidnapped by the cartel of Cali and to have them released alive, they promised to give to Paul and his men at the same time they demanded to cut the whole economic aid. Had phone records showing that change of loyalties. My Father still decided to forgive the life of moncada at the last minute, but by the time he got the order to stop his murder, death had already found. And this was one of the crimes determinants in the fall and the end of my father.
11. My Father at the end of his days he was alone. Not so full of bandits as show it. Well, almost all of their main bandits, with the exception of aka the little angel and the flop, had surrendered or were dead.
12. There was no such comfort in the days after the escape of the cathedral. We were living in slums, not in mansions.
13. The history of such “Leon” of Miami is a lie. Did not live in the USA. And it was a man absolutely faithful and brave in the service of my father. He died after being kidnapped and tortured by the chestnut in medellin. Fell fighting the war in the name of my father, but it never sold as show it.
14. My Father never threatened to Cali as a city. Put out a statement saying that his wife and part of his family were also originally from the area. So I said in the statement that I had nothing against the citizenship.
15. Ricardo Priscus was already dead by the time we show it. I had a brother doctor who yes was a good man stigmatized by the actions of his brother, but it wasn’t a bandit. Ricardo died a long time before in real life.
16. Ever my dad attacked the daughter of Gilberto Rodriguez in his wedding, not in your life. Or any member of his family. That was the covenant, do not touch the families. My Father did. I believe that they don’t the day I got the bomb on 13 January 1988 in the building Monaco where we lived with my sister and my mother.
17. My Father never forced us to stay with him in the underground, always thought just like my mother that the best thing was that we educáramos and we had other opportunities different from them.
18. We were in a single shooting with my father, but not similar to the one that show there. In my book yes story how they were really these facts.
19. Put the attacks of my father with bombs to drugs the discount in the year 1993 when in fact occurred between 1988 and 1989? A little out of time for me to taste don’t you think?
20. My paternal grandmother betrayed my father and allied himself with his eldest son Roberto, negotiated with the pepes and collaborated so actively that allowed them to continue living peacefully in Colombia while those who were loyal to the love for our father, we are still living In Exile. I would have liked to have the version so “sweet” of my grandmother who paint in the series.
21. The trip to Germany was not like this. My paternal grandmother didn’t travel with us to nowhere.
22. The Prosecutor’s office of Colombia we also wanted to help as much as I show de greiff, who seemed but it wasn’t so good. His office was completely infiltrated by the Cali cartel. As well as the whole scheme of protection provided by their own agents. We were in condition of hostages, abducted by our own been charged with the offence of kinship. We were two minors and two women locked up in a small hotel room.
23. Virginia Vallejo was so in love that he rejected the money to my father? That’s if they are two lies in a large and well!
My mom never talked to her after the escape of the cathedral. It was almost a decade that my father had no contact with Virginia who was a lover at the same time of the heads of the Cali cartel.
24. My Father at the hotel tequendama didn’t send us phones with anyone, we used the place. I was hanging him every time he called me to protect him, but he turned out to be a whimsical and stayed longer than prudent in the line, knowing that it would be tracked. “the phone is death” told me all my life. That’s why I didn’t want to talk to me, because I would cut off the call. Then he asked to talk to my mother and sister and identified before the operator with his two names and surnames, so their called were to say goodbye, to prolong it as much as possible that last call, with the clear intention of being located in what he chose As the day and the place for your last battle in the neighborhood the olive trees of their city, medellín. My Father killed himself as I said it dozens of times. This is why I’m not surprised that the shot that took her life was in his own hand and gun, two millimeters away from where I always swore that he would wear it. It wasn’t the police. Carlos Castaño ran that final operation, nor participated any foreign authority. So I recounted the own brown in person, loudly in front of my mother.
25. Any journalist was murdered in front of the hotel tequendama.
26. My Father never mistreated his parents, much less to Abel his dad. Never existed a conversation in that tone or sense.
27. After my father died, my mom was summoned to a meeting with the Cali cartel in the city, there were more than 40 big Mafia Bosses of the Colombia of the moment. Who saved her life to my mother and was signed after Miguel Rodriguez, not gilberto. On that occasion they stripped us of the inherited property and they stayed and shared as part of the spoils of war.
28. My Grandma says to him in the series to my mother who betrayed my father? When in real life it was my paternal grandmother and their children which they had contacts in secret with the Cali Cartel!
Come stanno cambiando i modi di progettare e costruire, per rispondere alle sfide di oggi: sostenibilità e migrazioni soprattutto.